Comparative Study of Triglyceride Level in Ischemic Heart Disease Patients in different age groups of Patients in south east Rajasthan
Backgrounds: Elevated body triglycerides have been implicated as a risk factor of ischemic heart disease (IHD).
Objectives: To study the association of serum triglyceride with ischemic heart disease and to assess the relationship of serum triglyceride with other established conventional risk factors.
Methods: A cross sectional case-control study of 75 cases of IHD and 75 controls without having any evidence of IHD/CHD between age group 30-70 years. Serum triglyceride levels were estimated by using Colorimetric Method and other risk factors by enzymatic methods.
Results: Mean serum triglyceride (263.674 ± 89.029mg/dl) was significantly higher in cases than controls (98.833 ± 62.682mg/dl). Amongst the patients of IHD, significantly higher level of Serum triglyceride was found in diabetics (340.63±90.78mg/dl) than non-diabetics (225.19±58.30mg/dl), male elderly (>60years of age) smokers (304.20±88.60mg/dl) compared to non smoker (206.37±48.88mg/dl), elderly male with high (>150mg/dl) LDL (323.48±86.73mg/dl) compared to patients with normal (<150mg/dl) LDL (249.33±66.12 mg/dl). Similarly male patients of IHD with high (>40mg/dl) VLDL had significantly higher serum triglyceride (326.49±77.95mg/dl) compared to male patients with normal (<40mg/dl) VLDL (257.18±85.46mg/dl).
Conclusion: High serum triglyceride level (>200mg/dl) may provide a cost effective tool for predicting an impending ischemic heart disease especially in diabetic patients, male elderly smokers, elderly males with high LDL, male patients of ischemic heart disease with high VLDL level.
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